It is a small cone-shaped passageway or canal, which is about 2cm in length. It is based at the neck of the womb and connects the uterus to the vagina. The cervical passageway is usually closed, however during childbirth, it opens allowing the baby to be delivered from the uterus.
The cervix is made up of two layers of cells; an outer layer and an inner layer:3
However, these symptoms may be caused by something other than cervical cancer – if you experience any of the above symptoms you should contact your healthcare professional.
The various stages of cervical cancer are summarised below.
The cancer is small (between 3–5mm deep and 7–40mm wide) and has not spread beyond the cervix.
This is called a low risk tumor and is classified as one of the following:
The cancer may have spread from the cervix into the vagina or into the surrounding lymph nodes in the pelvis.
This is called a medium risk tumor and is classified as one of the following:
The tumor has spread to other tissues and organs within the body such as the bladder, rectum (back passage) and lungs.
This is called a high risk tumor and is classified as one of the following:
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